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Contaminated water leads to medical negligence cases

Posted in Current legislation

Contaminated water leads to medical negligence cases

“Water is a basic nutrient of the human body and is critical to human life” – World Health Organization. As the freshwater crisis becomes more of a stark reality to many nations around the world, the importance of clean water everywhere is also becoming increasingly acknowledged in every field. The shortage of clean water has lead to several health issues across the globe, especially in developing countries, but the developed nations are facing problems in this field as well. The last place where you would expect to find problems or face risks regarding clean water is a hospital or a medical facility, nevertheless there were cases in which patients had suffered from contaminated water intake inside a hospital. Water management is an important part of a hospital’s administration and it handles every aspect from laundry and drinking water to sterilisation, heating, kitchen water and laboratory. Because of the fact that the water supplied by utilities often doesn’t meet the requirements of specific hospital applications, in many situations the water is being treated. Unfortunately, in some cases the treatment is done poorly or skipped entirely, which allows microorganisms to infiltrate in the patients’ body, leading to further injury.

tap water

Due to the fact that contaminated water, or at least improperly treated water, leads to a variety of health issues, from dehydration and diarrhoea to urinary infections, kidney stones or even skin conditions, patients who suffer from the lack of clean water supply while in a hospital are entitle to compensation and they should file a clinical negligence claim. However, this type of claim, especially involving the issue of clean water in hospitals, is very difficult to make and prove, which is why it is advisable for patients to resort to the services of experienced and professional clinical negligence solicitors or attorneys, who can help them determine if there is indeed a cause of action and what their chances of success are. Expert legal advice and representation are essential in any medical negligence claim, but even more so in such a delicate issue, where a strong evidence base is required to prove causation and liability, both of which are necessary in negligent treatment cases. However, with the help of knowledgeable and proficient medical negligence solicitors, a patient can be properly compensated for his or her pain and suffering.

There is much a medical negligence lawyer can do for you, from the first assessment of your case to negotiating a settlement or representing you in a court of law. The legal system has taken several steps to support patients that have suffered from medical negligence and encourage them to seek justice, but it has also made efforts towards protecting the health care system against abusive and false pretentions, which means proving medical negligence is not such an easy task. An experienced and proficient solicitor can help you determine if you have a real case and a strong basis for your claim, as well as assess the worth of this claim, so that you can think about whether the time and effort of going through this process is worth it. Solicitors can also help you gather the much needed evidence and prepare you every step of the way, so that you know exactly what to expect and go through this ordeal more easily.

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Water Resource Management – a vital activity

Posted in Water resource management

Water Resource Management – a vital activity

Considering that only 0.007 percent of the planet’s water is freshwater that we have access to and are able to use if to drinking, producing food and responding to hygiene needs, it becomes quite obvious why there is a need for water resources management. The activity refers to planning, developing and managing an optimum use of water resources, so that all the competing demands for water can be responded to and that water can be allocated on an equitable basis. Of course, these premises are ideal and rarely possible to put in practice, as it happens with any other resource management. However, since water is essential for life and the lack of clean water in many regions on the globe leads to terrible diseases and the death of thousands of people every year, constant efforts are being made not only to provide those regions with access to clean water, but also to bring the environmental impact of water use to a minimum.

In order for water resource management to be successful, there needs to be an in depth knowledge about its availability, variety of uses and competing demands, as well as the processes and measures to evaluate the worth of these demands and the mechanisms to transform policy decisions into actions. This is universally valid for all resources, but when it comes to water, it is particularly difficult, because water crosses numerous national boundaries and its uses are not only various, but also hard to assign financial value to them. Nonetheless, management of water resources is essential and it needs constant development and updating. The largest consumer of water is agriculture, which takes up 70 percent of the planet’s freshwater resources. The world’s population is continuously growing, hence consuming more food, which means agriculture will continue to use more and more water resources on the future, not to mention the fact that so will industries and urban developments. All of these have lead to water scarcity and will lead to an increased water scarcity issue in the future as well.

If one of today’s biggest concern regarding water resources is bringing access to clean water to developing countries, in the future a bigger concern will be the sustainability of the water resource allocation for the entire globe. It will become essential not only to manage water resources carefully, but also to balance human needs with environmental needs, otherwise sustainability will be significantly jeopardized. Some countries, Australia being a good example, have already directed focus towards designing and creating sustainable freshwater systems as a strong commitment to the environment. Many other nations should follow this example. It is not just the growing population of the planet, while the water resources remain fairly constant, that worries specialists in water resource management, but also the uncertainties regarding the climate changes, which can also have a significant impact on water resources, leading to situations that have never been experienced so far, which will definitely cause the decision making process to be far more difficult.

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The Clean Water Act and its importance

Posted in Current legislation

The Clean Water Act and its importance

In a world where freshwater scarcity becomes a bigger problem every year, even regions and countries that don’t face lack of clean water as a stark reality need to become cautious with preserving, managing and properly distributing the current water resources. The United States is one of the nations that is most involved in trying to deal with the clean water crisis that has taken over the globe and also one of the countries that has long established a strong regulation when it comes to surface waters. The Clean Water Act got its present form in 1972, but it was first enacted in 1948, being called at that time the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. In 1972, it was significantly expanded and reorganized, receiving all the current amendments and it was renamed the Clean Water Act. The Act represents a strong base and structure for the regulation of pollutants discharges into the waters of United States and it also regulates the standards of quality for surface waters.

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Modern economy and the ever growing value of water

Posted in Water resource management

Modern economy and the ever growing value of water

Capitalism is the economic regime that currently characterizes the world. Although it has often been criticized, the lack of a substitute makes it impossible for economies around the world to reorient towards a better world. The capitalist perspective upon all goods, providing each one with a clear cut value has led to the following situation. Water, a vital element, has turned into a good that has a specific value. Before attempting to adequately identify the monetary worth water has, it is relevant to understand exactly what triggered this happening. According to experienced economists, water is free only if it is in an unlimited quantity. As you most likely know, the modern world has been confronting with a rather disturbing situation. Resources that were once thought to be unlimited seem to have reached their end. Water resources enter this group and unfortunately, the simple explanation for this sad reality is a poor, faulty water management. Not few are the countries that have real water problems, in the sense that access to water is limited. Once a good becomes reason for competition, it is granted with an economic value.

water value in africa

When attempting to adequately identify the true value of water, it is worth mentioning that this analysis makes sense only by referring to water as a private good and not a public one. Water becomes a private good when used in the household. Because the discussion is help around the topic of drinking water, it is worth mentioning that its economic value is rather high, for two very important reasons. First of all, water is essential for life. Secondly, unlike other goods, water does not have a substitute. There is nothing that can replace water on Earth’s surface. This only leads to a growth of its economic value.

In order to properly identify the value water has in modern economies, several facts have to be considered. First of all, it is necessary to consider the use of water in industry. As you might have imagined, this is rather high, as water is used in all fields. Secondly, there is the aspect of transportation. This is a factor that strongly influences the value of water. Last but not least is the price of water. A mention has to be made regarding this aspect. Although people might expect a price when assessing the economical value of water, this hypothesis is not entirely correct. It may be true that the market price is part of the evaluation process of a good, but it is not defining. Still, considering the ever growing water market price is necessary in the appraisal of the good in question. As a conclusion, it is clear that water does represent a good of maximum importance for modern economies, especially for poor countries with limited access to this good. Policies and regulations that come to balance the fluctuations in the market price are proof that water does represent an important asset and that modern economies are confronting with the shift in its nature, becoming a limited resource that should be appropriately appraised.

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Freshwater crisis – why it matters

Posted in Clean water crisis, slider

Freshwater crisis – why it matters

Although nearly 70 percent of the globe is covered by water, environmentalists and specialists all over the world constantly talk about water crisis. That is because only 2.5 percent of all the water on earth is fresh water, the rest of it being ocean based and saline. Furthermore, out of those 2.5 percent, only 1 percent can be easily accessed, the rest being trapped in snowfields and glaciers. If you make a simple mathematic calculus, you will see that, basically, only 0.007 percent of the water on our planet is available for 6.8 billion people. That is what constitutes a crisis. The water we drink has been present on this earth for hundreds of millions of years, in one form or another, being continuously recycled through the atmosphere. Therefore, the amount of freshwater has remained somewhat constant, while the population of the planet exploded. To that extent, as years go by, the competition for clean water, better yet a sufficient supply of clean water for drinking, maintaining a proper hygiene or even sustaining life growth more and more intense.

Because water scarcity is an abstract concept to a large part of the world’s population, few people realize why freshwater crisis matters, except of course for those who live in that stark reality. However, the extent of its importance is quite simple: water is life. Geography and climate, but also the competition for resources, engineering and regulations have made it so that some parts of the planet enjoy great supplies of freshwater, while others have debilitating pollution and drought. But people need water to survive, not just in the sense of drinking water, but also clean water for cooking, hygiene needs and also keeping the environment clean.

water crisis

In Africa, 4 000 children die every year from diarrhea, because they have no hygienic toilets and clean water to wash their hands. A simple condition like diarrhea, which could be easily fixed if there were a supply of clean water, kills more children than diseases like AIDS and malaria. The man has proven to be an inefficient water users, spending about 2 400 liters of clean water to produce a hamburger and growing water intensive crops, like cotton, in arid regions.

The freshwater crisis matters not only from today’s perspective and the fact that people in developing countries are practically dying from clean water scarcity, but also because the future looks grim. Estimations show that by the year 2025, water scarcity will affect about 1.8 billion people and two thirds of the world will be living in water stressed regions. So humans now face another challenge, that of effectively conserve and manage water resources, as well as distributing the supplies of fresh water we have, especially since solutions are greatly affected by climate, policy, technology and people alike. Nevertheless, it is important to remember that freshwater crisis is a global issue and it mattes or it should matter for everybody, even though some parts of the world enjoy a flush of clean water supplies at the moment.

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Dangers of contaminated drinking water

Posted in slider, Water resource management

Dangers of contaminated drinking water

Water is an essential element in the life of any person, but unfortunately, not all the water sources that you might comes across are safe for your health. Ironically, in some parts of the world of world, water, a vital element, can become the cause of various illnesses. Therefore, it is important to understand that drinking-water is actually potable water that should not endanger your health in any way. There are specific regulations which refer to the public water systems. Drinking water is obtained through various water purification methods, which basically remove all chemicals and contaminants that could lower the quality of the liquid. Through these procedures, consumers will have access to water that is safe to drink and that does not endanger their health. However, if these purification processes are not performed in an adequate manner, the water can be contaminated by a number of chemicals, leading to serious afflictions. Here are the contaminants that can lower the quality of the water supply.

Bacteria are first on the list of possible dangers caused by contaminated drinking water. The presence of bacteria can be connected with a poor waste management. For this reasons, most health regulations clearly stated that waste should be kept far from any water source like lakes or rivers. As this specification is not always followed by all individuals, the result is simple to imagine: the contamination of drinking water.

clean drinking water

The symptoms that follow this type of water contamination may include nausea, vomiting and even, cramps. There are numerous types of bacteria, all being the cause for several stomach afflictions. One of the most common types of bacteria, which was identified in drinking water, was the E-coli. In theory, this type of bacteria is harmless per se and it is normally used as a way to identify contaminated water.

Apart from bacteria, another danger is represented by the chemicals found in water. For instance, the disinfection byproducts represent a real threat to your health. These are more dangerous than bacteria, because some of them can have effects on a long term and the symptoms might not be obvious. To better understands the risks you and your family are exposed to, here is the name of a disinfection byproduct that can have deadly effects. Haloacetic acids are highly dangerous chemicals and, according to specialists, these have an increased cancer risk. Other such chemicals can be responsible for anemia, serious effects upon the nervous system, liver or kidney problems. Probably the most threatening substances that may be found in drinking water are the radionuclides. These come from the erosion of several deposits of a radioactive nature. Their effects are on a long term, most of them being responsible for a high cancer risk. In conclusion, drinking water should be the subject of various tests and analysis that come to ensure the consumer of its quality. Although many people might think that boiling a quantity of water or drinking only bottled water is enough to keep the above mentioned threats away, the reality is different.

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Climate change and its effects upon the quality of water

Posted in Clean water crisis, slider

Climate change and its effects upon the quality of water

Modern society has been confronting itself with an issue that has proven to be more and more serious. The entire topic of climate change rises has been the main focus of a large number of scientists that have been activating in various fields. It seems that the noticeable changes in temperature and the uncommon, sometimes unexplainable phenomena that have began to rule over some parts of the world, have had a greater impact that most people thought. One of the principle concern that haunts experts is the effect climate changes have had on an element which is vital, water. Although no one would have initially considered this situation, it seems that the strange phenomena that have recently affected some countries could seriously influence the quality of water. This is a rather disturbing reality, considering that water supplies in general are limited. It might appear difficult to understand the ways through which climate changes have the power to influence water quality. Therefore, here are several facts that might be of help.
clean water wether
One of the climate changes that can alter water quality is the increased amount of precipitations. Heavy rain seems to be one of the most common climate phenomena the world is currently facing. At a first view, this should be regarded as a threat to the quality of water. However, together with heavy rain come enlarged levels of sediment. As you can easily imagine, this can cause the contamination of lake and river waters, which are one of the most important water sources. Another climate change that does represent an important factor in the process of deterioration of the quality of water is snow. In the last few years, the world has had the unpleasantness of meeting the wrath of winter. This has manifested itself through heavy snowing. Once temperatures start rising, the snow start to melt and in some parts of the world, this has led to the apparition of floods. Strong floods have the power to destroy dams, as well water purifying facilities. Thus, it can be said that the above mentioned climate changes have the power to seriously contaminate the quality of water.

This is not all. Global warming, a phenomenon that has been on everybody lips in the last few years has left its marks on the quality of water. The high temperatures that are registered in the summer time can lower the level of oxygen in the water. Moreover, some species of fish have been affected the global warming. Fish that live in cold waters like trout or salmon have been seriously affected by high temperatures. At the same time, long periods of drought, followed by heavy rain, leads to a serious water contamination. Looking at all the facts stated above, it seems that climate changes can have severe effects upon the quality of water. As the world is currently fighting against a real water management crisis, the news that climate may lead to higher water contamination levels has certainly troubled many specialists and not only!

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Clean water, a fundamental right for all

Posted in Clean water crisis, slider

Clean water, a fundamental right for all

Lately, the world has been confronting a crisis that seems far from reaching an end. Poor water management has created a situation which specialists in different corners of the world are struggling to resolve. Water, once an unlimited resource, has turned into an economic good that is overly regulated by a number of policies and laws. Truth be told, considering all the sides of the story, responsible water consumption is the only solution at the present time. However, if you consider this issue in theory and most importantly in the absence of more or less appropriate regulations, it would seem that responsible water consumption is actually a limited one. Water is a vital element, which is essential for the human being. Without water, a person can resist for up to 3 days. Therefore, it seems unfair to make of water anything else than a fundamental right for all human beings.

Clean water, together with basic sanitation have been declared with various occasions fundamental human rights. Although it would seem natural to allow and provide all individuals with easy access to clean, drinking water, the reality is that there are still several countries that are not necessarily eager to declare it a fundamental right. The cases of Egypt and Turkey have surprised the world. These are two countries that hesitated when having to declare the right to water as fundamental. The explanation for both situations was related to the troubles which appeared at the level of international politics.

tap water

The reality is that today, there are many countries facing severe problems regarding water sources or to more precise, drinking water sources. In third world countries, this constitutes a severe problem, a real crisis which might seriously affect the population. Although access to water is recognized as a fundamental right, the problem is the lack of sufficient drinking water for the entire population. This issue has led people leaving in such countries to consume contaminated water. The rate of mortality caused by the contaminated water has increased in the last few years, becoming a real concern for specialists in all parts of the world. More and more governments are thinking of ways to end this critical situation and provide economically challenged countries with drinking water.

Modern society has certainly grown into a surprising place, one in which water has had to pass through different phases before it was actually declared what it had been the whole time, a fundamental right. There are many experts that comment on the use of legislation in this regard and hope that for a better future, more policies will be used in the benefit of those countries that need this drinking water. Water is the engine in the entire process of evolution and growth. It is the one element that touches all fields, all industries and helps countries reach civilization. All strong states should join power and fight for one important goal, that of bringing clean water to all individuals in need!

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